Republic Day


Republic Day has been celebrated every year in India. Republic Day represents the true spirit of independent India. 

26th January Republic Day

The Constitution of India, which was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on November 26, 1949, came into effect on January 26, 1950. January 26 is celebrated to commemorate the Indian Constitution replacing the Government of India Act (1935) as the governing document of India. And now it is celebrated across India with a lot of fervor.  

Military parades, displays of military equipment and the national flag are important symbols on this date. India's national flag is a horizontal tricolor of deep saffron (kesaria) at the top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom in equal proportion. The ratio of the flag's width to its length is two to three. A navy-blue wheel in the center of the white band represents the chakra. Its design is that of the wheel which appears on the abacus of the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka. Its diameter approximates to the white band's width and it has 24 spokes.  Awards and medals of bravery are given to the people from the armed forces and also to civilians.

While India became independent on August 14, 1947, it still didn’t have a permanent constitution, and Indian laws were based on a modified version of the British established, Government of India Act 1935.

However, two weeks later on 29 August 1947, a Drafting Committee was appointed for the drafting of a permanent Indian Constitution, with Dr. B R Ambedkar as chairman. The draft of the constitution was submitted to the Indian Constituent Assembly on 4 November 1947. Over the course of 166 days, which were spread over two years, the 308 members of the Assembly met in sessions that were open to the public and made some modifications. Finally, on January 24, 1950, the Assembly members signed two handwritten copies of the Constitution, one in English and one in Hindi and after two days history was made. After a lot of hard work, the Constitution was finally drafted, and January 26 was chosen as the day to declare India as the Sovereign Republic.

On 26 January 1950, Dr. Rajendra Prasad's was his first term of office as President of the Indian Union. The Constituent Assembly became the Parliament of India under the transitional provisions of the new Constitution. The Constituent Assembly became the Parliament of India under the transitional provisions of the new Constitution. The Constitution of India came into force on 26 January 1950.

In Delhi, at Rajpath magnificent parades by regiments of the Indian Army, Navy, Air Force, police and paramilitary forces march and there is also a display India’s defensive prowess is on display with the latest missiles, aircraft, and weapon systems. Beautiful tableaus, representing the beauty of all the states of India are also showcased during the parade. There are also sky shows by the Air Force.

Rajpath is one of the most important roads in India and is also the venue of the annual republic day parade. The Delhi Republic Day parade is the largest and most important Day of celebrations in India. The parade takes place every year on 26 January from Rajpath, New Delhi. It is the main attraction of India's Republic Day celebrations, which last for 3 days. Nearly seventy years ago, the founding fathers of the Indian republic—Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, B. R. Ambedkar, Subhas Chandra Bose and Vallabhbhai Patel—steered the new nation in a direction that ensured it wasn't destroyed by sectarianism, casteism and authoritarianism.

Rajpath is a great place to click some great photographs of the India Gate and Rashtrapati Bhavan and also a nice place to go for a picnic or a drive. In the British Raj Rajpath known as Kingsway. Rajpath is in the east-west direction from Connaught Place, the financial center of Delhi runs into Rajpath from the north. After climbing Raisina Hill, Rajpath is flanked by the North and South Blocks of the Secretariat Building. Finally, it ends at the gates of Rashtrapati Bhavan. At Vijay Chowk, it crosses Sansad Marg, and the Parliament House of India can be seen to the right when coming from the India Gate.

Most of the buildings surrounding the Rajpath were designed by Lutyens and the second architect of the project, Sir Herbert Baker. India was a colony of the British Raj for over 200 years and became independent from the rule of the British Raj following the Indian independence movement. The Rajpath (King's Path) is a ceremonial avenue approximately 2-3 km long.

Republic Day has been celebrated every year in India on January 26, 1950. It honors the date on which the Constitution of India came into effect on 26 January 1950 replacing the Government of India Act (1935) as the governing document of India and thus, turning the nation into a newly formed republic. This means our country was no more under the rule of some other country. A Republic is a king-less form of government that has no monarchy and no hereditary aristocracy. So "power is held by the people and their elected representatives". In republics, the country is considered a "public matter", not the private concern or property of the rulers.

In memory of all members of the armed forces who gave up their life for the country, the Prime Minister of India first go there and lays a wreath at the Amar Jawan Jyoti at India Gate. On Republic Day, flag hoisting ceremonies and parades by armed forces and school children are held in different parts of the country.

The Indonesian President Sukarno was the first Chief guest on the very first Republic Day parade of India. Representatives from the United Kingdom and France have been invited 5 times each.

Such Facts You Should Know About The Indian Constitution

the final draft of the Indian Constitution which is the longest in the world, was adopted on 26 November 1949 after almost 2 years, 11 months and 17 days. It was legally enforced on 26 January 1950, the day that we celebrate as Republic Day ever since.
On 2 September 1953, while debating how a Governor in the country should be invested with more powers, Dr. Ambedkar argued strongly in favor of amending the Constitution.

 “My friends tell me that I have made the Constitution. But I am quite prepared to say that I shall be the first person to burn it out. I do not want it. It does not suit anybody. But whatever that may be if our people want to carry on they must not forget that there are majorities and there are minorities and they simply cannot ignore the minorities by saying, “Oh, no. To recognise you is to harm democracy.”  I should say that the greatest harm will come by injuring the minorities. 
Dr Br Ambedkar in the Rajya Sabha on 2 September 1953

The original copies of the Indian Constitution were written in Hindi and English. Each member of the Constituent Assembly that drafted the Constitution, signed two copies of the constitution, one in Hindi and the other in English. 

Both the versions of the Constitution, Hindi and English, were handwritten. It is the longest handwritten constitution of any country on earth. The original Constitution of India was handwritten by Prem Behari Narain Raizada in a flowing italic style with beautiful calligraphy. Each page uniquely decorated by artists from Shantiniketan including Beohar Rammanohar Sinha and Nandalal Bose. The Constitution was published in Dehradun and photolithographed by the Survey of India. 

The Original Copies are Stored in Special helium-filled cases in the Library of the Parliament of India.

There are a total of 117,369 words in the English version of the Constitution of India which contains 444 articles in 22 parts, 12 schedules and 115 amendments.

It Is the Longest Constitution in the World. In its current form, it has a Preamble, 22 parts with 448 articles, 12 schedules, 5 appendices and 115 amendments.

The Preamble to the Constitution declares India to be a sovereign, socialist, secular democratic republic and a welfare state committed to secure justice, liberty and equality for the people and for promoting fraternity, the dignity of the individual and unity and integrity of the nation.

The fundamentals of the Indian Constitution are contained in the Preamble which guarantees its citizens social, economic and political Justice; Liberty of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship; Equality of status and opportunity, and to promote among them all Fraternity assuring the dignity of the individuals.

9 December 1946: The Constituent Assembly Met for the First Time The Constituent Assembly was the first Parliament of Independent India. Dr. Sachchidananda Sinha was the first president (temporary Chairman of the Assembly) of the Constituent Assembly when it met on 9 December 1946. It took precisely 2 years, 11 months and 18 days to come up with the final draft. When the draft was prepared and put up for debate and discussion, over 2000 amendments were made before it was finalized. The Constituent Assembly sat for a total of 11 sessions. The 11th session was held between 14-26 November 1949. On 26 November 1949, the final draft of the Constitution was ready. 

On 24 January 1950, 284 members of the Constituent Assembly signed the Indian Constitution at the Constitution Hall, now known as the Central Hall of Parliament, in New Delhi. It came into effect on 26 January 1950. The date 26 January was chosen to commemorate the declaration of Purna Swaraj (complete Independence) of 1930. 

The National Emblem was adopted on 26 January 1950 – the day India has declared a republic with its Constitution coming into effect. A representation of the Lion Capital of Ashoka was initially adopted as the emblem of the Dominion of India in December 1947. The current version of the emblem was officially adopted on 26 January 1950, the day India became a republic.

The Indian Constitution is often called a ‘bag of borrowings’. It is called so because it has borrowed provisions from the constitutions of various other countries. However, it is much more than a mere copy of other constitutions.

Borrowings From The French Constitution. The Ideals of Liberty, Equality, Fraternity Come from the French Constitution. These words appear in the Preamble to the Constitution of India. Many other nations have also adopted the French slogan of "liberty, equality, and fraternity" as an ideal.

The concept of the five-year plans in The Indian Constitution was borrowed from the Constitution of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.

The laws governing our Supreme Court and the concept of “procedure established by Law” were adopted from the Constitution of Japan.

India borrowed the concept of suspension of fundamental rights during Emergency rule was taken from the Weimar Constitution of Germany.

The Preamble of the Indian Constitution was inspired by the US Constitution’s Preamble. Both the Preambles begin with “We the People”. The fundamental rights recognized by our Constitution have been adopted from the American Constitution. The Indian Constitution recognizes nine fundamental rights as the basic human rights of all its citizens.

The Government of India Act 1935 was originally passed in August 1935 and is said to be the longest Act of (British) Parliament ever enacted by that time. The 1935 Act was the second installment of constitutional reforms passed by the British Parliament for implementing the ideal of responsible government in India.

Amended only 94 times in the first 62 years, the Constitution of Indian has stood the test of time. As of January 2019, there have been 103 amendments to the Constitution of India since it was first enacted in 1950.

Movies Contribution

Film's audio-visual elements give a great impact than any other source of media for pride. such feeling for our country made us proud to be Indian. such Movies Like...

  1. Border
  2. The Legend of Bhagat Singh
  3. Rang De Basanti
  4. Chak De India
  5. Lagaan
  6. Manoj Bajpayee's film "1971"
  7. Mangal Pandey: The Rising"
  8. Chittagong
  9. 1942: A Love Story
  10. Swades
  11. Lakshya
  12. Prahaar
  13. Krantiveer
  14. Deewaar: Let's Bring Our Heroes Back
  15. Haqeeqat
  16. Purab Aur Paschim
  17. Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose: The Forgotten Hero
  18. Mother India
  19. Naya Daur
  20. Hindustani
  21. Saat Hindustani
  22. Gadar: Ek Prem Katha
  23. A Wednesday
  24. Bhaag Milkha Bhaag
  25. Dangal
  26. Pukar
  27. Roja
  28. The Ghazi Attack

It fills us with this pride about this intangible entity called India and we are proud to be an Indian.